I am an assistant professor (tenured universitair docent) of Modern European History at the European Studies Department of the University of Amsterdam. My specialisation is the political, cultural and intellectual history of modern Europe in a global context since the 18th century, in particular topics on the intersection of history, politics, philosophy and memory. I published extensively on historical ideas of Europe, historical regime changes, state and nation formation, conservatism, cosmopolitanism, eurocentrism, moderate politics, (Counter) Enlightenment and monarchy from a transnational and comparative perspective (see below for my books and other publications).
At the moment I am completing a monograph on 'Counter-revolution, Enlightenment and the Making of the European Past' (forthcoming with Oxford University Press) and edited volumes on 'The Making of Atlantic Monarchies (18th-21th centuries)' (with Carolina Armenteros & Iason Zarikos), to be published by Bloomsbury.
Lok studied European history at the Universities of Liverpool, Leiden and Yale, followed by a brief career as policy advisor. In 2009 he took his PhD at the History Department of the University of Amsterdam. His dissertation was based on extensive (archival) research in France and the Netherlands. In 2011 Lok received tenure as an universitair docent and in 2015 he became senior university lecturer (UD1). Lok was appointed a senior fellow of the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study NIAS (Yeargroup 2019-20) and held visiting positions at the Lichtenberg Kolleg & Moritz Stern Institut Göttingen, Germany (2021-22) and the KU Leuven, Belgium (Fall 2022).
My main current research projects & interests are:
Matthijs Lok enjoys teaching BA and MA courses (in English and Dutch) on subjects such as Political Memories, Legacies of the Enlightenment (nominated for the 2019 Faculty Education Award), Modern Intellectual History, European Conservatism & Anti-Liberalism, Liberalism, Cosmopolitanism, Ordering of Europe and 'Turning points in Modern European History' (Folia magazine wrote about this course: "Lok weet zijn toehoorders door zijn enthousiasme te boeien"). Lok also supervises BA, MA and PhD theses in the field of political and intellectual history. He was a finalist in the 2018 Faculty of Humanities Lecturer of the Year award.
Lok is a founding director of the Dutch seminar for Global Intellectual History (www.globalintellectualhistory.org/) and a themeleader of the Amsterdam Centre for European Studies (ACES). He also organised seminars for the Huizinga Cultural History research school and the research school Political History (OPG). Moreover, he was a member of the board of the De Moderne Tijd (demodernetijd.nl), and of the board of the ARTES Research School (theme leader 'European Identities and ideas': http://artes.uva.nl). He regularly organises and moderates public & academic debates and conferences and occasionally provides comments from a historical perspective on European contempory affairs.
Matthijs Lok, Windvanen. Napoleontische bestuurders in de Nederlandse en de Franse Restauratie, 1813-1820 (Amsterdam: Bert Bakker, 2009), 420 p.
Contents: My first book Windvanen ('[Political] Weathervanes') is a comparative study of the political transition of 1813-1815 (from the Napoleonic Empire to the Restoration monarchy) in France and the Low Countries from the understudied perspective of the Napoleonic administrative elites that survived the regime change. It argues that the so-called Restoration monarchies were to a large extent constructed by Napoleonic officials who adapted very well to the new political situation. As well as (quantitatively) studying the institutional and personal continuity after 1814, the contemporary critical discourses and attitudes towards these political survivors (nicknamed 'girouette' in French or 'windvaan' in Dutch) are analysed. According to NRC Handelsblad, Windvanen was one of the best historical books published in 2009.
"Matthijs Lok laat in zijn boek Windvanen uit 2009 zien hoe - op het eerste oog - betrekkelijk kleurloze figuren als Van Maanen hebben bijgedragen aan het consolideren en verstevigen van de uitvoerende macht door die te ontwikkelen tot een sterk en centraal bestuurlijk gezag." Wim Voermans (Leiden), Machiavelli in de Polder (2021)
Edited volume: Matthijs Lok, Friedemann Pestel & Juliette Reboul (eds.), Cosmopolitan Conservatisms. Countering Revolution in transnational networks, ideas and Movements (c. 1700-1930) (Brill Studies in the History of Political Thought, 2021) (450 p.)
“What a pleasure it has been to read the essays in this volume, a large number of which break new ground. There are numerous thematic surprises and new takes on old material. (... ) This will be an essential resource for anyone interested in the fortunes of conservatism in the modern world.“ Darrin M. McMahon, Dartmouth College (USA)
Edited volume: Ido de Haan & Matthijs Lok (eds.), The Politics of Moderation in Modern European History (Palgrave Studies in Political History: 2019) (ca. 250p.)
“This wide-ranging, intellectually-bracing volume reconstructs a neglected site of thought and action, which it identifies as a tradition of political moderation ever since the start of the age of democratic revolutions. In so doing, it offers a bounty of sustained historical and analytical imagination, reshaping inquiry and understanding.” Ira Katznelson, Columbia University (USA)
Edited volume: M. Brolsma, R. de Bruin & Matthijs Lok (editors), Eurocentrism in European History and Memory (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2019).
'This is a very insightful collection of well-written essays, covering a wide range of issues and appealing to a wide public. It is both comprehensive in its outlook, as well as rich in detail. Its refreshing and multifaceted approach provides a welcome contribution to the research on Eurocentrism.' Journal of European Integration History
On my own chapter: 'Lok makes clear that this appraisal of the idea of Europe as ‘unity in diversity’ was maintained in the writings of influential 19th century historians like Leopold von Ranke. And today the exact same notion is deeply embedded in the political narrative of the European Union to legitimize its policies. Lok convincingly argues that the pluralist idea of Europe thus also brings in prescriptive and normative criteria and not necessarily results in tolerance towards the world beyond pluralist Europe.' Journal of European Integration History
Themed issue (Special collection) of the International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity, vol. 6 issue 1 (2019), co-edited with Joris van Eijnatten (Utrecht University), on the global history of Enlightenment criticism (ca. 1750-1960) in Latin America, Russia, Spain, Egypt and Continental Europe.
Book: Nationalisme, naties en staten (Vantilt 2012/2015): Matthijs Lok, deel IV: 'IJzer en bloed. Staatsvorming en nationalisme, 1848-1914' (p. 282-411). ["Iron and Blood": Stateformation and Nationalism, 1848-1914 (p. 282-411]
"In een tijd waarin de Europese Unie een bestaanscrisis doormaakt en adepten en bestrijders van de natiestaat elkaar bedelven met argumenten, is dit een welkom overzichtswerk, zowel toegankelijk als noodzakelijke gedetailleerd." De Volkskrant
"Voor de afzienbare tijd is het Nederlandse publiek op benijdenswaardige wijze bediend door deze voortreffelijke synthese." Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis
Member of the editorial board (kernredactie) (2007-2015) of the Belgian-Dutch scholarly Journal/ Wetenschappelijk tijdschrift 'De Achttiende eeuw' ("The Eighteenth century") (in 2017 continued as The Early Modern Low Countries & Jaarboek De Achttiende Eeuw). Special editor (with Alicia C. Montoya) for issue 2012.2 ('Centre and Periphery in the Enlightenment') and 2014.2 ('The Enlightenment and the Past'): (www.dbnl.org/auteurs/auteur.php?id=_doc003)