PAinT - Paint Alterations in Time

Publications

Publications by the PAinT team

2015 

 

Articles 

 

Keune, K., Mass, J., Meirer, F., Pottasch, C., van Loon, A., Hull, A., Church, J., Pouyet, E., Cotte, M., and Mehta, A. (2015). Tracking the transformation and transport of arsenic sulfide pigments in paints: synchrotron-based X-ray micro-analysis. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 30: 813-827.

 

2014

 

Articles 

 

Hermans, J.J., Keune, K., van Loon, A., Corkery, R.W., and Iedema, P.D. (2014). The molecular structure of three types of long-chain zinc(II) alkanoates for the study of oil paint degradation. Polyhedron 81: 335–340. 

 

Hermans, J.J., and Iedema, P.D. (2014). Comment on the paper ``Odd–even alternation in a homologous series of Zn(II) n-alkanoates’' by P.N. Nelson, H.A. Ellis and R.A. Taylor [J. Mol. Struc. 986 (2011) 10–15]. Journal of Molecular Structure: 1070, 43–44. 

 

Iedema, P.D., Hermans, J.J., Keune, K., van Loon, A., and Stols-Witlox, M.J.N. (2014). Mathematical modeling of mature oil paint networks. In J. Bridgland (Ed.), ICOM-CC 17th Triennial Conference Preprints, Melbourne, 15-19 September 2014 (p. art. 1604). Paris: International Council of Museums. 

 

Hermans, J.J., Keune, K., van Loon, A., Stols-Witlox, M.J.N., Corkery, R.W., & Iedema, P.D. (2014). The synthesis of new types of lead and zinc soaps: A source of information for the study of oil paint degradation. In J. Bridgland (Ed.), ICOM-CC 17th Triennial Conference Preprints, Melbourne, 15-19 September 2014 (p. art. 1603). Paris: International Council of Museums. 

 

Conference Proceedings 

 

Keune, K., Mass, J., Meirer, F., Pottash, C., van Loon, A., Hull, A., and Mehta, A. (2014). Decomposing Apricots: Tracking Transformation of Arsenic Sulfide pigments in a Dutch Golden Age Still-life. Microscopy and Microanalysis 20 (Suppl. 3): 2026-2027. 

 

Keune, K., and Boevé-jones, G. (2014). It’s surreal: Zinc oxide degradation and misperceptions in Salvador Dalí's Couple with Clouds in Their Heads, 1936. In: K. J. van den Berg (Ed.), Issues in Contemporary Oil Paint (pp. 283–294). Springer International Publishing Switzerland.  

 

2013 

 

Articles

 

Keune, K., Boon, J.J., Boitelle, R. and Shimadzu, Y. (2013) 'Degradation of Emerald green in oil paint and its contribution to the rapid change in colour of the Descente des vaches (1834-1835) painted by Théodore Rousseau. In: Studies in Conservation 58(3): 199-210. 

 

2012

 

Articles

 

Noble, P., Van Loon, A., Alfeld, M., Dik, J., and Janssens, K. (2012). ‘Rembrandt and/ or studio, Saul and David, c.1655: revealing the curtain using cross-section analyses and X-ray fluorescence imaging’, In: Technè, No. 35, Special Issue Rembrandt, Scientific Approaches and Restorations: 36-45.

 

Wallert, A., Keune, K., Van Iperen, J. and Pedrosa, J. (2012). ‘Early Northern Netherlandish Paintings and Gilding Techniques and Cologne; some Parallels’, In: Zeitschrift für Kunsttechnologie und Konservierung, 26, Heft 1: 230-240.

 

Conference Proceedings

 

Stols-Witlox, M., Megens, L., and Carlyle, L. (2012). ‘” to prepare white excellent…”: reconstructions investigating the influence of washing, grinding and decanting of stack-process lead white on pigment composition and particle size’. In: Technology and Interpretation – Reflecting the Artist’s Process (eds. S. Eyb-Green, J.H. Townsend, J. Nadolny), London: Archetype.

 

Van Loon, A., Noble, P., and Boon, J.J., 2012, ‘The formation of complex crusts in oil paints containing lead white and smalt: dissolution, depletion, diffusion, deposition’, in Historical Technology: SEM and Microanalysis (eds. N. Meeks, C. Cartwright, A. Meek, A. Mongiatti), London: The British Museum/Archetype Publications: 205-207.

 

Books/Theses

 

Van Loon, A., Noble, P., and Burnstock, A. (2012). ‘Ageing and deterioration of traditional oil and tempera paints’, In: The Conservation of Easel Paintings (eds. J. Hill Stoner, R.A. Rushfield), Abingdon, Oxon/New York: Routledge, Chapter 9: 214-241.

Stols-Witlox, M. (2012). ‘Grounds, 1400-1900’, In: The Conservation of Easel Paintings (eds. J. Hill Stoner, R.A. Rushfield), Abingdon, Oxon/New York: Routledge, Chapter 7: 161-188.

 

 2011

 

Articles

 

Iedema, P.D. (2011). ‘Mathematical modeling of distributive properties of linear homo- and copolymer subjected to scission’, In: Polymer, 52: 3537-3549.

 

Keune, K., Van Loon, A., and Boon, J.J. (2011). ‘SEM backscattered-electron images of paint cross-sections as information source for the presence of the lead white pigment and lead-related degradation and migration phenomena in oil paintings’, In: Microscopy and Microanalysis, 17 (5): 696-701.

Conference Proceedings

 

Van Loon, A., and Speleers, L. (2011). ‘The use of blue and green verditer in green colours in the mid-seventeenth-century paintings of the Oranjezaal, The Hague’, In: Studying Old Master Paintings, Technology and Practice (ed. M. Spring), London: The National Gallery/Archetype Publications: 260-68.

 

Brett, H., Townsend, J.H., Jones, R.R., Boon, J.J. and Keune, K. (2011). ‘I can see no vermilion in flesh: Sir Joshua Reynolds' portraits of Francis Beckford and Suzanna Beckford 1755-1756’, In: Studying Old Master Paintings, Technology and Practice (ed. M. Spring), London: The National Gallery/Archetype Publications: 201-208.

 

Keune, K. and Boon, J. (2011). ‘Can dispersed and migrated arsenic from degraded pigments in paintings be a marker for water-linked transport processes?’, In: ICOM Committee for Conservation, 16th Triennial Meeting, Lisbon, 26-30 September 2011, Preprints (ed. J. Bridgeland).

 

Van Loon, A., Noble, P., and Boon, J.J. (2011), ‘White hazes and surface crusts in Rembrandt’s Homer and related paintings’, in ICOM Committee for Conservation, 16th Triennial Meeting, Lisbon, 26-30 September 2011, Preprints (ed. J. Bridgeland).

 

Noble, P., Van Loon, A., Johnson Jr., C.R., and Johnson, D.H., 2011, ‘Technical investigation of Rembrandt and/or Studio of Saul and David, c.1660, from the collection of the Mauritshuis, In: ICOM Committee for Conservation, 16th Triennial Meeting, Lisbon, 26-30 September 2011, Preprints (ed. J. Bridgeland).

 

Stols-Witlox, M. (2011). ‘Historical restoration recipes: the cleaning of oil paintings 1600–1900.’ In: ICOM Committee for Conservation, 16 th Triennial Meeting, Lisbon, 26-30 September 2011, Preprints (ed. J. Bridgeland).

 

2010

 

Articles

 

Beale, A.M., Jacques, S.D.M., and Weckhuysen, B.M. (2010). ‘Chemical imaging of catalytic solids with synchrotron radiation’, In: Chemical Society Reviews, 39: 4767-4782.

 

Iedema, P.D., Wulkow, M. and Hoefsloot, H.C.J. (2007). ‘Conditional Monte Carlo sampling to find branching architectures of polymers from radical polymerizations with transfer to polymer and recombination termination’, In: Polymer, 48: 1770-1784.

 

Books/Theses

 

Noble.P., Van Loon, A., (2010). ‘Evaporation of fatty acids and formation of whitish deposits on the inside of the glass/ microclimate boxes: a case study in the Mauritshuis’, In: The EU project FP6: PROPAINT: Improved Protection of paintings during Exhibition, Storage and Transit, Final Activity Report (ed. Elin Dahlin): 154-169. 

 

2009

 

Articles

 

Keune, K., Hoogland, F., Boon, J., Peggie, D. and Higgitt, C. (2009). ‘Evaluation of the “added value” of SIMS: A mass spectrometric and spectroscopic study of an unusual Naples yellow oil paint reconstruction’, In: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 284: 22-34.

Van Loon, A. (2009). ‘De korrelige verfstructuur in Vermeer’s Gezicht op Delft. Is het echt zand?’,  kM Materiaaltechnische informatie over kunst en vormgeving, 72: 10-13.

 

Van Loon, A., and Noble, P. (2009). ‘Bewuste en onbewuste schilderkunstige effecten, De tonale landschapsschilderijen van Jan van Goyen’, kM Materiaaltechnische informatie over kunst en vormgeving, 69: 28-30.

 

Books/Theses

 

Lammertse, F., Fryklund, C., Boersma, A., Van Loon, A., and Dahlén, L. (2009). Masterpiece or Copy? Two Versions of Anthony Van Dyck’s ‘Saint Jerome’, Museum Boijmans van Beuningen Rotterdam/National Museum Stockholm.

2008

 

Articles

 

Van Loon, A. (2008). ‘Kijken naar kleurveranderingen: de invloed van materiaalkeuze op behoud van 17de-eeuwse olieverfschilderijen’, kM Materiaaltechnische informatie over kunst en vormgeving, 67: 36-39.

 

Conference Proceedings

 

Carlyle, L., Boon, J., Haswell, R., and  Stols-Witlox, M. (2008). ‘Historically accurate ground reconstructions for oil paintings’, In: Preparation for Painting: The Artist’s Choice and its Consequences (eds. J. Townsend, Doherty, T., Heydenreich, G., Ridge, J.), London: Archetype Publications: 110-122.

 

 

Noble, P., van Loon, A., Boon, J.J. (2008). ‘Selective darkening of ground layers associated with the wood grain in 17th-century panel paintings, In: Preparation for Painting: The Artist’s Choice and its Consequences (eds. J. Townsend, Doherty, T., Heydenreich, G., Ridge, J.), London: Archetype Publications: 68- 78.

 

Keune, K., Hoogland, F., Peggie, D., Higgitt, C., and Boon, J.J. (2008). ‘Comparative study of the effect of traditional pigments on artificially aged oil paint systems using complementary analytical techniques’, In: ICOM Committee for Conservation, 15th Triennial Meeting, New Delhi, 22-26 September 2008, Preprints, Vol. II (ed. J. Bridgeland), London: James and James: 833- 842.

 

Shimadzu, Y., Keune, K., Boon, J.J., Townsend, J.H. and Van den Berg, K.-J. (2008). ‘The effects of lead and zinc white saponification on surface appearance of paint’, In: ICOM Committee for Conservation, 15th Triennial Meeting, New Delhi, 22-26 September 2008: Preprints, Vol. II (ed. J. Bridgeland), London: James and James: 626-632.

 

Books/Theses

 

Van Loon, A. (2008). Colour Changes and Chemical Reactivity in Seventeenth-Century Oil Paintings, PhD Dissertation University of Amsterdam, Molart Series (14), AMOLF, Amsterdam.

 

2007

 

Articles

 

Keune, K. and Boon, J.J. (2007). ‘Analytical imaging studies of paint cross-sections illustrate the oil paint defect of lead soap aggregate formation’, In: Studies in Conservation, 52: 161-176.

 

Noble, P., van Loon, A. (2007). ‘Rembrandt’s Simeon’s Song of Praise, 1631: spatial devices in the service of illusion’, In: Art Matters Netherlands Technical Studies in Art, 4: 19-36.

 

Boersma, A, Van Loon, A. and, Jaap Boon. (2007). ‘Rubens’ oil sketches for the Achilles Series: A focus on the imprimatura layer and drawing material’, In: Art Matters Netherlands Technical Studies in Art, 4: 82-89.

 

Verhage, J., Van Loon, A., Noble, P. (2007). ‘Unintentional lightening in stable interiors by Philips Wouwerman’, In: Art Matters Netherlands Technical Studies in Art, 4: 103-110.

 

Conference Proceedings

 

Boon, J.J., Hoogland, F.G., Keune, K. (2007). ‘Chemical processes in aged oil paints affecting metal soap migration and aggregation’, In: AIC Paintings Specialty Group Postprints, Rhode Island (ed. H. Mar Parkin), Washington: AIC: 16-23.

 

Keune, K., Kirsch, K. and Boon, J.J., (2006). ‘Lead soap efflorescence in a 19th C painting: appearance, nature and sources of materials’, In: AIC Paintings Specialty Group Postprints, Rhode Island (ed. H. Mar Parkin), Washington: AIC: 145-149.

 

Books/Theses

 

Richter, M., Grundmann, G., Van Loon, A., Keune, K., Boersma, A., Rötter, C., Rapp, K. (2007). ‘The occurrence of artificial orpiment (dry process) in northern European painting and polychromy and evidence in historical sources’, In: Auripigment / Orpiment - Studien zu dem Mineral und den künstlichen Produkten / Studies on the Mineral and the Artificial Products, Materialien aus dem Institut für Baugeschichte, Kunstgeschichte und Restaurierung mit Architekturmuseum der Technischen Universität München (eds. W. Koenigs, N. Huse, E. Emmerling, W. Nerdinger, Siegl Fachbuchhandlung) München: 167-188.

 

2006

 

Articles

 

Iedema, P.D., and Hoefsloot, H.C.J. (2006). ‘Conditional Monte Carlo Sampling To Find Branching Architectures from Radical Polymerization with Transfer to Polymer’, In: Macromolecules, 39: 3081-3088.

 

Townsend, J.H., and Keune, K. (2006). ‘Microscopical techniques applied to traditional paintings’, In: InFocus: the Proceedings of the Royal Microscopical Society, 1: 54-65.

 

Conference proceedings

 

Van Loon, A., Speleers, L., Ferreira, E.S.B., Keune, K., and Boon, J.J. (2006). ‘The relationship between preservation and technique in paintings in the Oranjezaal’, In: The Object in Context: Crossing Conservation Boundaries, Contributions to the Munich Congress 28 August - 1 September 2006 (eds. D. Saunders, J.H. Townsend, S. Woodcock), London: IIC: 217-223.

 

2005

 

Articles

 

Noble, P., Van Loon, A. (2005). ‘New insights into Rembrandt’s Susanna: changes of format, smalt discoloration, identification of vivianite, fading of yellow and red lakes, lead white paint’, In: Art Matters Netherlands Technical Studies in Art, 2: 76-96.

 

Van der Weerd, J., Van Loon, A., and Boon, J.J. (2005). ‘FTIR Studies of the effect of pigments on the aging of the oil medium’, In: Studies in Conservation, 50: 1-20.

 

Keune, K. and Boon, J.J. (2005). ‘Analytical imaging studies clarifying the process of the darkening of vermilion’, In: Analytical Chemistry, 77: 4742-4750.

 

Osmond, G., Keune, K. and Boon, J.J. (2005). ‘A study of zinc soaps found in paintings at the Queensland Art Gallery’, In: AICCM Bulletin, 29: 37-46

 

Conference Proceedings

 

Richter, M., Schaefer, S., Van Loon, A. (2005). ’El Tratado “Arte de la Pintura” de Francisco Pacheco y su Influencia en la Técnica de Ejecución de las Encarnaciones en la Escultura Alemana del Siglo XVIII: Primeros Resultados Obtenidos de Análisis Avanzados Realizados en Micromuestras’, In: Preprints of GE-IIC Conference “Investigación en Conservación-Restauración”, Barcelona, 9-11 November 2005: 225-234.

 

Carlyle, L., Witlox, M. (2005). ‘Historically accurate reconstructions of artists’ oil painting materials’, In: Art of the Past. Sources and Reconstructions, Proceedings of the first symposium of the Art Technological Source Research study group, Amsterdam, 14-15 October 2004 (eds. M. Clarke, J. Townsend, A. Stijnman) London: Archetype Publications: 53-59.

 

Keune, K., Ferreira, E. and Boon, J.J. (2005). ‘Characterisation and localisation of the oil binding medium in paint cross-sections using imaging secondary ion mass spectrometry’, In: ICOM Committee for Conservation, 14 th Triennial Meeting, The Hague, 12-16 September 2005, Preprints, Vol. II (ed. I. Verger), London: James and James: 796-802.

 

Leone, B., Burnstock, A., Jones, C., Hallebeek, P., Boon, J., Keune, K. (2005). ‘The deterioration of cadmium sulphide yellow artist’ pigments’, In: ICOM Committee for Conservation, 14 th Triennial Meeting, The Hague, 12-16 September 2005, Preprints, Vol. II (ed. I. Verger), London: James and James: 803-813.

 

Noble, P., van Loon, A., Boon, J.J. (2005).‘Chemical changes in old master paintings II: darkening due to increased transparency as a result of metal soap formation’, In: ICOM Committee for Conservation, 14 th Triennial Meeting, The Hague, 12-16 September 2005, Preprints, Vol. I (ed. I. Verger), London: James and James: 496-503.

 

Van Loon, A., Boon, J.J. (2005). ‘The whitening of oil paint films containing bone black’, In: ICOM Committee for Conservation, 14 th Triennial Meeting, The Hague, 12-16 September 2005, Preprints, Vol. I (ed. I. Verger), London: James and James: 511-518.

 

Boon, J.J., Keune, K. and Zucker, J. (2005). ‘Imaging analytical studies of lead soaps aggregating in preprimed canvas used by the Hudson River School painter F.E. Church’, In: Microscopy and Microanalysis, 11 (SO2): 444-445.

 

 

Boon, J.J., Ferreira, E.S.B. and Keune, K. (2005). ‘Imaging analytical studies of Old Master paints using FTIR, SIMS and SEMEDX of embedded paint cross-sections’, In: Microscopy and Microanalysis, 11 (SO2): 1370-1371.

 

Van Loon, A., Keune, K. and Boon, J.J. (2005). ‘Improving the surface quality of paint cross-sections for imaging analytical studies with specular reflection FTIR and Static-SIMS’, In: Conference Proceedings Art 2005, Lecce 16-19 May.

 

 Marino, B., Keune, K., Hendriks, E. and Boon, J.J. (2005). ‘SIMS Studies of the Material Aspects in Grounds and Paints in Paintings by Van Gogh’, In: Conference Proceedings Art 2005, Lecce 16-19 May.

 

Books/Theses

 

Keune, K. (2005). Binding medium, pigments and metal soaps characterised and localised in paint cross sections, PhD Dissertation University of Amsterdam, Molart Series (11), Amsterdam: AMOLF.

 

Iedema, P. D., and Kolhapure, N. H. (2005), ‘Mathematical methods’, Chapter in: Handbook of Polymer Reaction Engineering, Part 1 (eds. T. Meyer, J. Keurentjes), Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: 431-532.

 

2004

 

Articles

 

Grcev, S., Schoenmakers, P.J., and Iedema, P.D. (2004). ‘Determination of Molecular Weight and Size Distribution and Branching Characteristics of PVAc by Means of Size Exclusion Chromatography/Multi-Angle Laser Light Scattering (SEC/MALLS)’, In: Polymer, 45, 39-48.

 

Iedema, P.D., and Hoefsloot, H.C.J. (2004). ‘On Growth Patterns of Branched Polymer Architectures’, In: Macromolecular Symposia, 206, 93-106.

 

Iedema, P.D., Slot, J.J.M., Smit, J., and Hoefsloot, H.C.J. (2004). ‘Rheological characterization of computationally synthesized reactor populations of hyperbranched macromolecules: bivariate seniority-priority distribution of ldPE’, In: Macromolecular Theory and Simulations, 13, 400-418.

 

Iedema, P.D., and Hoefsloot, H.C.J. (2004). ‘Predicting Branched Architectures from Molecular Weight and Degree of Branching Distribution of Polyethylene for Single and Mixed Systems with a Constrained Geometry Metallocene Catalyst in Continuous Reactors’, In: Polymer, 17, 6071-6082.

 

Keune, K. and Boon, J.J. (2004), ‘Imaging secondary ion mass spectrometry of a paint cross-section taken from an early Netherlandish painting by Rogier van der Weyden’, In: Analytical Chemistry, 76: 1374-1385.

 

Van Loon, A., Boon, J.J. (2004). ‘Characterization of the deterioration of bone black in the 17th-century Oranjezaal paintings using electron-microscopic and micro-spectroscopic imaging techniques’, In: Spectrochimica Acta Part B, 59: 1601-1609.

 

Conference Proceedings

 

Van Loon, A., Boon, J.J. (2004). ‘Identifying and localizing proteinaceous compounds in paint samples using reflection infrared spectroscopic techniques’, In: Conference Proceedings IRUG 6 Sixth Infrared and Raman Users Group Meeting, Florence, Il Prato, 29 March – 1 April 2004 (ed. M. Picollo): 130-136.

 

Boon, J.J., Gore, E., Keune, K. and Burnstock, A. (2004), ‘Image analytical studies of lead soap aggregates and their relationship to lead and tin in 15th century lead tin yellow paints from the Sherbourne Triptych’, In: Infrared and Raman Users Group (IRUG) meeting, 29 March – 1 April, M. Picollo (Ed.), Il Prato, Padova, Florence, Italy: 66-74.

 

Books/Theses

 

Van Loon, A., Boon, J.J., Keune, K. and Van der Horst, J. (2004). ‘Binding medium analysis of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century blue-coloured glazes on silver leaf gildings’, In: Historical Polychromy, Polychrome Sculpture in Germany and Japan (eds. Kühlenthal and Miura), München: Hirmer Verlag: 352-379.

 

2002 

 

Conference Proceedings

 

Boon, J. J., van der Weerd, J., Keune, K., Noble, P., Wadum, J. (2002). ‘Mechanical and chemical changes in old master paintings: dissolution, metal soap formation and remineralization processes in lead pigmented ground/intermediate paint layers of 17th century paintings’. In: ICOM Committee for Conservation, 13th Triennial Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, 22-27 September 2002: Preprints, Vol. I (R. Vontobel, ed.), James and James: 401-406.

 

Boon, J.J. Keune, K. and Learner, T. (2002). ‘Identification of pigments and media from a paint cross-section by direct mass spectrometry and high-resolution imaging mass spectrometric and microspectroscopic techniques’, In: ICOM-CC Preprints of the 13th Triennial Meeting, Vontobel, R (Ed.), Rio de Janeiro, 1, James and James, London, p. 223-230.

 

Keune, K., Noble, P. and Boon, J.J., (2002) ‘Chemical changes in lead-pigmented oil paints: on the early stage of formation of protrusions’, In: Proceedings of ART 2002, the 7th international conference on non-destructive testing and microanalysis for the diagnostics and conservation of the cultural and environmental heritage, R. van Grieken, K. Janssens, L. Van’ t dack and G. Meersman (Eds.), Antwerp, Belgium

 

2001

 

Articles

 

Stols-Witlox, M. (2001). ‘Final varnishes for oil paintings in Holland, 1600-1900. Evidence from written sources’, In: Zeitschrift für Kunsttechnologie und Konservierung, Heft 1: 241-285.

 

Conference Proceedings

 

Boon, J.J., Van der Weerd, J., Keune, K. and Noble, P. (2001). ‘Chemical changes in Old Master paintings: dissolution, metal soap formation and remineralization processes in lead pigmented paint layers of 17th-century painting’, In: ICOM-CC Interim Meeting Working Groups Painting 1 & 2 and Painting Section UKIC, London, September 2001: Deterioration of Artists Paints: Effects and Analysis, Extended abstracts: 19-20.

Boon, J.J., Keune, K., Van der Weerd, J., Geldof, M. and Van Asperen de Boer, J.R.J. (2001). ‘Imaging microspectroscopic, secondary ion mass spectrometric and electron microscopic studies on discoloured and partially discoloured smalt in cross-sections of 16th-century paintings’, In: Chimia, 55: 952-960. 

 

Keune, K. (2001). ‘Der Farbmann’, In: kM Materiaaltechnische informatie over kunst en vormgeving, 37: 16-17.

2000

 

Articles

 

Iedema, P.D., Wulkow, M. and Hoefsloot, H.C.J. (2000). ‘Modeling Molecular Weight and Degree of Branching Distribution of low density Polyethylene’, In: Macromolecules, 33: 7173-7184.

 

1998

 

Books/Theses

 

Corkery, R.W. (1998). Artificial biomineralisation and metallic soaps, PhD dissertation Australian National University, Canberra.

 

 

Published by  HIMS

23 March 2015